Injuries can occur internally to the joint or to the tendons and ligaments surrounding it and recovery requires a combination of hands on therapy alongside exercise rehabilitation.
A medial ligament sprain is the result of a strain of the ligament on the inside of the knee. Often this is a result of twisting, chronic overload, muscle imbalance or direct impact.
Medial Collateral ligament injuries are common in contact sports and running with poor mechanics. They can also occur in daily life through falls and twists of the knee joint.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is typically anterior knee pain behind” or “around” the top of the kneecap that seems to originate from the contact of the posterior surface of the back of the kneecap with the thigh bone. Sometimes also called “runner’s knee,” it is a very common running injury.
The meniscus provides a cushion n between the tight bone and the shin bone and consists of principally cartilage sudden twisting movements can result in tearing to this area of the joint. Recovery can be supported by soft tissue work and rehabilitation but in severe cases surgery can be required.
ITB syndrome occurs when this fibrous band of tissue become tight or enflamed. This can be caused by poor running mechanics and over training and is commonly resolved by physical therapy, musckletal podiatry and an appropriate series of rehabilitative exercises.
One of the most common knee injuries is an anterior cruciate ligament sprain or tear.
People who participate in high demand sports are more likely to injure their anterior cruciate ligaments. These injuries can require surgery and subsequent extensive rehabilitation.
The ACL runs diagonally through the inside of the knee and provides the knee joint with stability. If torn this will need reconstructive surgery followed by physiotherapy and a programme of rehabilitation. The process of full recovery can take up to 6 months.